• Description


Type 1 Diabetes mellitus (Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM) is the result of a T-cell mediated destruction of the beta cells in genetically predisposed individuals. Autoantibodies to a variety of islet cell antigens appear during the course of autoimmune insulitis. Type 1 diabetes is characterised by the presence of distinct circulating autoantibodies including autoantibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), protein tyrosine phosphatase (IA2), insulin, and autoantibodies directed against cytoplasmic components of islet cells. Measurement of autoantibodies to GAD (GADA), IA2 (IA2A), insulin (IAA) and of cytoplasmic islet cell antigens (ICA) has been shown to be of significant value for the diagnosis and prediction of type 1 diabetes in first-degree relatives of diabetic patients. One or several of these autoantibodies are found in most new onset type 1 diabetic patients. They can also be detected before the onset of the disease and characterise the so called prediabetic p

  • Pre-test Information:No special preparation required
  • Report Delivery:Sample by Fri 9 am; Report Next day